J.M William Turner – The Shipwreck, 1805, London - Tate Britain

Shipwrecks and other disasters at sea were frequently painted during the Romance period.

Costa Concordia Salvage Operation

It is expected to be the biggest salvage operation ever attempted. As of September 2013 the salvage has cost over $800 million.

The Bulk Carrier Double Fortune

The Panama flagged bulk carrier Double Fortune was built in 2010. Gross tonnage and deadweight are 50617 t and 95790 t respectively.

Manoeuvring Container Operations

Containerisation and multimodal transport: the development of door-to-door transport.

Fire Onboard Vessel

Fire on board ship is one of the most dangerous risks for vessels and cargos. Electrical equipments, flammable liquid on board, engines and boilers often cause it.

Monday, 15 December 2014

Power ships: what are they and what does the law say?

December 15, 2014.

Power ships today represent the cutting edge of innovation, making the source and production of energy movable. Increasing and variable demand for energy has caused local authorities to face new demands for production. Immediate energy demands must be met but investment should not lead to long-term entrenchment of infrastructure likely to be outdated quickly.

A solution is to use short-term structures while promoting investment in more sustainable energy resources. In this context, floating power installations may be a useful option.

To read the rest of this article you can request a free access to Shipping and Trade law.

Source: http://www.shippingandtradelaw.com

Tuesday, 9 December 2014

ICS Publishes New Chemical Tanker Safety Guide

December 9, 2014.

A fully updated edition of the definitive industry guidance on the safe operation of chemical tankers has just been published by the shipping industry’s global trade association, the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS).

The new edition of the ICS Tanker Safety Guide (Chemicals) replaces the previous edition issued in 2002.  ICS recommends that a copy is carried on board every tanker engaged in the carriage of chemical cargoes, and that copies are also held within shipping company technical departments.

Since its first publication over 40 years ago, the ICS Guide has become the standard reference work on best practice for chemical tanker operations, with an emphasis on how best to comply with additional International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations to ensure the prevention of pollution in the safest manner possible.

ICS Secretary General, Peter Hinchliffe, explained “The production of this new edition has been a major project taking many years and drawing on expertise throughout the industry.  As well as taking account of the latest best practice, large sections have been totally rewritten to assist comprehension”.

The updated ICS Guide takes full account of the adoption by IMO in May 2014 of important amendments to the SOLAS Convention, following a major IMO review of tanker safety that has taken the best part of a decade.

These amendments to SOLAS include new mandatory requirements for the inerting of chemical tankers.  Together with recent changes made to the IMO Fire Safety Systems (FSS) Code, these SOLAS amendments are fully reflected in the new edition of the ICS Guide.

Mr Hinchliffe said “Particular attention has also been given during preparation of the updated Guide to the question of how to inculcate an effective safety culture amongst everyone involved in chemical tanker operations.”
The 4th Edition of the ICS Tanker Safety Guide (Chemicals) is available for purchase from all maritime booksellers worldwide, or direct from ICS.  The updated ICS Guide, with almost 300 pages and numerous illustrations, is accompanied by a CD including a search function and the facility to print and complete various checklists and other documentation.  The recommended price is UK £395.

The ICS Tanker Safety Guide (Chemicals) should be regarded as a companion to the International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals (ISGOTT), jointly published by ICS and the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF).

Source: http://www.marineinsight.com

Friday, 5 December 2014

What is a Flag of Convenience?

December 5, 2014

When registering a vessel for international travel, one must choose a nation under the flag of which that vessel will sail. The term “flag of convenience” refers to registering a ship in a sovereign state different from that of the ship's owners.

Why register a flag of convenience?

Ships registered under flags of convenience can often reduce operating costs or avoid the regulations of the owner's country. To do so, a vessel owner will find a nation with an open registry, or a nation that allows registration of vessels owned by foreign entities. A ship operates under the laws of its flag state, so vessel owners often register in other nations to take advantages of reduced regulation, lower administrative fees, and greater numbers of friendly ports.

History of open registries

The modern practice of flagging ships in foreign countries began in the 1920s in the United States after shipowners became frustrated with increased regulations and rising labor costs and began registering their ships in other nations (originally Panama). As other nations began to allow open registries a few nations became standouts in the flag of convenience industry. In 1968, Liberia grew to surpass the United Kingdom as the world's largest shipping register and, as of 2009, more than half of the world’s merchant ships were registered with open registries, with Panama, Liberia, and Marshall Islands flags accounting for almost 40% of the entire world fleet as calculated by tonnage.

Criticisms of flag of convenience systems

Many nations with open registries are criticized for having substandard regulations. For example, many shipowners are allowed to remain legally anonymous in open registry systems, making it difficult to identify and prosecute legal actions (whether civil or criminal) against these individuals. Some ships with flags of convenience have been found engaging in criminal activity, offering substandard working conditions, and spewing pollution into the environment or illegally fishing. As a result, ships flying under these flags are now targeted by other nations for special enforcement when they make call in one of the host nation's ports.
Finding the best open registry for your needs

There are about a dozen countries most widely used for open vessel registrations. Which country will be best for your purposes will depend largely on the type of shipping you intend to do, the reputations of the country of registration (i.e., whether their vessels are targeted for special enforcement), and the relative convenience and expense of registering in that country. If you have questions about the registration process and which country will best serve your needs, you should contact an attorney experienced with admiralty law.

Source: http://www.hg.org